C⎟productproject - dark colors

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The conceptual space that supports collective spirit and collaborative problem solving is described by Maher, Paulini, and Murty ( 2011 ). It is based on the three aspects of shared representation, motivation and communication. They enable problem solving in collective design projects within a continuum from collected (individual) to collective intelligence. The latter is demarcated by collaborative generation of solutions as well as synthesis of individual solutions. From their study of collective design activities Paulini, Murty, and Maher ( 2011 ) conclude that—within the frame of what they call an inclusive nature of participatory design—individuals proactively self-organise and choose their own roles as well as period of involvement. The maturity of this participatory nature may in fact be the primary determinant of collective design projects.

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